Research Group Medical Physics

Physics has made critically important contributions to health ever since the birth of medicine 5000 years ago. Medical physics can be generally defined as a field in which applied physics techniques are used in medicine. This is particularly evident in cancer care where medical physicists are involved in radiotherapy treatment planning and quality assurance as well as in imaging and radiation protection. Due to the large variety of tasks and interests, medical physics are often subdivided into specialties such as radiology, nuclear medicine and radiation oncology medical physics, medical Imaging. Traditionally, medical physics deals primarily with the use of ionizing or non-ionizing radiation in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. In radiation therapy, ionizing radiation is used to treat a wide variety of cancers through external-beam radiotherapy or brachytherapy. Medical physics research and development are essential to maintaining and improving the success of these treatments. Medical Physicist faced many challenges to cure cancer by introducing new revolutionary techniques such as 3D conformal radiotherapy and Intensity Modulated Radiation therapy etc and advanced machine as Linear accelerator, Gamma Camera, etc. and scanning technologies like x-ray, CT scan, MRI scan and PET scan for diagnostic and treatment purpose to improve the quality of life.

The remarkable progress in radiation therapy and medical imaging over the last century has been largely due to medical physicist’s ability to more effectively focus and deliver radiation to the tumor target volume. Physics discoveries and technological inventions have been an important driving force behind this progress. However, there is still plenty of room left for future improvements through physics, for example image guidance and four-dimensional motion management and particle therapy, as well as increased efficiency of more compact and cheaper technologies.